Birth Control and Christianity

Many Christians today do not realize that there was a common consensus among Christians before the 20th century that not only abortion, but birth control, is inconsistent with Christian ethics. Most, however, have heard of Margaret Sanger, the founder of today’s Planned Parenthood, and our nation’s most famous abortion advocate. In February 1917, as the…More

Assurance and the Marrow Controversy

It may come as a surprise to those who are familiar with the Marrow Controversy through the work of Sinclair Ferguson and his book The Whole Christ that the primary objection of the anti-Marrow party was on the matter of assurance, and that their preferred writer on the matter was Samuel Rutherford, Scottish Commisioner to…More

Cocceius, the Decalogue, and the Covenant of Grace

Introduction One of the less discussed controversies in church history (unless one has the right friends) is the Cocceian-Voetian controversy, fiercest in the Netherlands, that kicked off with the publication of Summa doctrinae de foedere et testamento Dei [The Sum of the doctrine of the covenant and testament of God] by Dutch theologian Johannes Cocceius…More

Walaeus on the Simplicity of God

Antonius Walaeus (1573-1639) was an orthodox member of the Synod of Dordt, a Professor of Theology at the University of Leiden, and was involved in the cycle of disputations that produced the Synopsis purioris theologiae. His writings and life’s work had a strong influence on later generations of theologians, especially in his native country. From…More

An Apology for Presumptive Regeneration (of a sort)

In the circles I run in, presumptive regeneration is something of a word of rebuke. No one wants their kids to grow up to be a believer in presumptive regeneration. They certainly don’t want their preacher to be such. The stereotype is something of the following: presumptive regeneration is when one assumes that their children…More

Antonius Walaeus on the Baptism of Infants

Because [infants] are included in the covenant of God, we argue as follows: 1. That the sign of the covenant cannot be denied to those covenanted. 2. Infants of believers are covenanted, etc.The former is clear because to those to whom the greater is communicated, the lesser must also be communicated. The Apostle Peter proves…More

Postmillennialism and the Second Helvetic Confession

It’s a favorite line of some passionate proponents of Amillennialism that the Second Helvetic Confession condemns Postmillennialism with the words “We further condemn Jewish dreams that there will be a golden age on earth before the Day of Judgment, and that the pious, having subdued all their godless enemies, will possess all the kingdoms of…More

The Simplicity of God

From J. H. Heidegger’s Medulla theologiae, 3.19-23. The simplicity of God. XIX. God, by his simplicity, is without all composition, coalition, concretion, confusion, and diversity, absolutely simple, one, and indivisible, so that whatsoever is or is conceived of as being in him is God. I shall be who I shall be, or, I am who…More

Index of Topics

Augustine The Soteriology of St Augustine Aquinas, Thomas Thomas and TULIP Doctor, Office of Gisbertus Voetius on Whether There is an Office of ‘Doctor’ Eternal Life Bucanus, Walaeus, and Maccovius on the Beatific Vision (Hornbeek, Johannes) Genealogy of Christ Is Matthew’s genealogy missing a person? (Spanheim) Good Works and Salvation Does the Westminster Confession teach that works are…More

Scott Clark, John Piper, and Final Salvation (Some Thoughts)

A couple years ago, Dr. R. Scott Clark of Westminster Seminary California wrote a series of articles criticizing Dr. John Piper for saying that something that he refers to as final salvation is by works (one such piece here). Admittedly, this language is somewhat ambiguous in an area where ambiguity is undesirable. Unfortunately, Clark muddies…More