Reforming the Doctrine of the Trinity

It is a common thought among the Reformed that there are no meaningful differences between our views and those of the Roman Catholic church on the doctrine of God and of the Trinity. This, in turn, leads some either to conclude that it is safe to embrace everything Roman Catholics, or at least some Roman…More

Hornbeek’s Institutes, ch. 1: On Theology

Translated from ch. 1 of The Institutes of Theology Harmonized from the Best Authors by Johannes Hornbeek. The word ‘theology’, Greek in origin, the individual parts of which, λόγος, and λόγια θεοῦ, occur in the New Testament, means a word about God. JUN.: Theology either means a word of God himself, or, word or doctrine…More

Understanding Ramus (2): Aristotle’s Biggest Error

Aristole, Metaphysics 1.1 [1] (A brief summary) Aristotle discourses on art and experience. Experience is knowledge of particular instances; art is knowledge of universal principles derived from generalizing based on the particulars. The “artist”, who understands universal principles, is superior to the manufacturer, who does something but doesn’t know why. Metaphysics (“wisdom”, in the words…More

Understanding Ramus (1): General Remarks on Metaphysics

This article is the first in a series intended to give the reader some idea of the teachings of Peter Ramus by working through his writings and summarizing them. Who is Peter Ramus? Peter Ramus is a French Reformed Logician and Philosopher and founder of the Ramist school of philosophy. His primary goal in philosophy…More

Apologetics and the Apostles

I have always been of the belief that the preaching and ministry of the Apostles and Prophets provide the perfect model for the ministry of all New Testament ministers, once the extraordinary aspects of their ministry, such as the working of miracles and the penning of Scripture, are set aside. Seeing, then, that the Apostle…More

Birth Control and Christianity

Many Christians today do not realize that there was a common consensus among Christians before the 20th century that not only abortion, but birth control, is inconsistent with Christian ethics. Most, however, have heard of Margaret Sanger, the founder of today’s Planned Parenthood, and our nation’s most famous abortion advocate. In February 1917, as the…More

Assurance and the Marrow Controversy

It may come as a surprise to those who are familiar with the Marrow Controversy through the work of Sinclair Ferguson and his book The Whole Christ that the primary objection of the anti-Marrow party was on the matter of assurance, and that their preferred writer on the matter was Samuel Rutherford, Scottish Commisioner to…More

Cocceius, the Decalogue, and the Covenant of Grace

Introduction One of the less discussed controversies in church history (unless one has the right friends) is the Cocceian-Voetian controversy, fiercest in the Netherlands, that kicked off with the publication of Summa doctrinae de foedere et testamento Dei [The Sum of the doctrine of the covenant and testament of God] by Dutch theologian Johannes Cocceius…More

Walaeus on the Simplicity of God

Antonius Walaeus (1573-1639) was an orthodox member of the Synod of Dordt, a Professor of Theology at the University of Leiden, and was involved in the cycle of disputations that produced the Synopsis purioris theologiae. His writings and life’s work had a strong influence on later generations of theologians, especially in his native country. From…More

An Apology for Presumptive Regeneration (of a sort)

In the circles I run in, presumptive regeneration is something of a word of rebuke. No one wants their kids to grow up to be a believer in presumptive regeneration. They certainly don’t want their preacher to be such. The stereotype is something of the following: presumptive regeneration is when one assumes that their children…More